Bipolar disorder, also called as manic-depressive disorder, is a mood disorder where in a person experiences episodes of mania and clinical depression without other environmental or medical etiologies. Other causes of bipolar disorder symptoms are like hyperthyroidism, reactions to medications and/or sleep deprivation negate the diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder. These mood cycles can vary in frequency and affect the victim's levels of motivation, energy, cognition and overall functioning. Bipolar disorder symptoms can be quiet disabling as they have extreme shifts in mood between depression and manic euphoria or irritability.
The Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder -
The bipolar disorder symptoms include dramatic mood swings. These can range from overly "high" and/or irritable to sad and hopeless and then back again, often with normal mood periods in between. Severe changes in energy and also behavior go along with these changes in mood. The periods of highs and lows are known as episodes of mania and depression.
Bipolar disorder symptoms for mania or for a manic episode are increased energy, activity and restlessness. In mania the mood is excessively "high," overly good, euphoric with extreme irritability. When in a manic episode, one is gets an unrealistic belief in one's abilities and powers and experiences racing thoughts and jumping from one idea to another. There is a complete loss of concentration. In some cases there can be increased sexual drive also. A manic episode is diagnosed when elevated mood occurs with three or more of the other symptoms most of the day, for nearly every day, for about 1 week or longer.
Signs and symptoms of depression include:
�Sad, anxious, or empty mood lasting for long
�Feelings of pessimism or hopelessness
�Feelings of guilt, worthlessness or helplessness
�Loss of interest and/or pleasure in activities once enjoyed. This can include sex
�Decreased energy levels and fatigue
�Restlessness and/or irritability
�Sleeping too much or not at all
�Change in appetite or unintended weight loss or gain
A depressive episode is diagnosed if five or more of these symptoms last for most of the day, nearly every day, for about a period of 2 weeks or longer.
However, in some people, bipolar disorder symptoms are of both mania and depression together. This is called a mixed bipolar state. Bipolar disorder symptoms of a mixed state generally include agitation, trouble sleeping, significant change in appetite, psychosis, and suicidal thinking. A person may be very sad and hopeless while at the same time he may feel extremely energized.