What is beck�s cognitive behavior therapy?
Beck�s cognitive behavior therapy is one of the few forms of psychotherapy, which has been scientifically tested and has been found to be effective in over three hundred clinical trials for many different disorders. In contrast to other forms of psychotherapy, cognitive therapy is more focused on the present, more time-limited and more oriented towards problem-solving. Basically, much of what the patient does is solving his/her current problems. In addition to this, patients learn specific skills, which they can use for the rest of their lives. The skills in Beck�s cognitive behavior therapy involve identifying distorted thinking, modifying beliefs, relating to others in different ways and changing behaviors.
The theory behind beck�s cognitive behavior therapy -
Beck�s cognitive behavior therapy is based on the cognitive model. It is simply that the way we perceive situations influences how we feel emotionally. For instance, one person reading about this therapy might think, that it sounds good and that it�s just what he has always been looking for. He feels happy. Another person who reads information about cognitive therapy might think that though this sounds good, he won't be able to do it. This person then feels sad and discouraged. So it is not that a situation directly affects how a person feels emotionally, but rather it is his or her thoughts in that situation. When people are distressed, they often do not think clearly and their thoughts are distorted. Cognitive therapy helps people in identifying their distressing thoughts and in evaluating how realistic the thoughts are. This is how they learn to change their distorted thinking. When they think more realistically, they start feeling better. The emphasis here is consistently on solving problems and on initiating behavioral changes.
While views about emotion have existed for millennia, cognitive therapy was developed in its present form by Albert Ellis and Aaron T. Beck in 1950s and 1960s. This is the reason why it is also called as Beck�s cognitive behavior therapy. Very soon it became a favorite intervention to study in psychotherapy research. In the initial studies, it was often contrasted with behavioral treatments to see which was more effective. However, recently Beck�s cognitive behavior therapy techniques are arguably the primary type of psychological treatment being studied in research today.