Wednesday, February 10, 2010

Substance Abuse Relapse Prevention � Play It Safe!

Why is it a problem?

When alcohol and drug use progresses to uncontrollable heights it becomes substance abuse. This happens so insidiously that sometimes people do not realize that their drinking or drugging has become a real problem for them and for those around them. It is the teenagers who are mainly at a risk of substance abuse. They can easily get involved with legal or illegal drugs in various ways as experimentation with drugs during adolescence is common. Substance abuse becomes a very dangerous problem as it has a tendency of relapsing. This makes it important for us to study substance abuse relapse prevention. The article tells you about why substance abuse relapse prevention is so important and how it is done.

Substance abuse - a chronic, relapsing problem to deal with!

The conceptualization of substance abuse as a chronic, relapsing disease is the most important step towards understanding its different perspectives. Unfortunately, drug dependence is still viewed only as a social problem, i.e. moral failure that should be tackled by the criminal justice system. But, concerned scientific experts consider addiction as both a health and social problem. The integration of a medical component to the social dimension of drug abuse and addiction has lead to a revolution in the management of patients with addiction. This socio-medical model highlights many important facets of drug addiction that require well defined epidemiological data, classification and diagnostic criteria, biological and psychosocial etiologies along with neuro-physiological mal-adaptations, distinctive phenomenology, a profile of adverse effects on society and, finally, pharmacological, psychosocial and relapse prevention therapies which have to be supplemented by appropriate rehabilitation measures. These are some of the steps substance abuse relapse prevention.

It is important to note that patients with multiple addictions require comprehensive assessment and acute treatment in the form of detoxification by appropriate medications followed by long-term maintenance treatment for substance abuse relapse prevention. in many cases, it has been reported that when maintenance treatment is discontinued, substance abuse addiction is worst. In addition to drug therapy, psychosocial support services are also needed for reducing the cost of overall management of addiction, as illustrated in heroin addicts on methadone maintenance therapy. Depending upon the situation of the patient, a substance abuse relapse prevention technique must be used.

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