Monday, December 21, 2009

Epigenetic Theories In Psychology - Some More Theories

The epigenetic theory in psychology was propounded by the very famous man Erickson. He believed that childhood plays a very important role in personality development. He accepted the theories of id, ego, and superego. But he refuses to accept Freud's attempt to describe personality solely on the basis of sexuality. He feels that personality continued to develop beyond five years of age. All of the stages in the Epigenetic Theory In Psychology are completely present at the time of birth; it is just that they unfold according to both the innate procedure and the up-bringing in a family that expresses the values of tradition and culture. As per the Epigenetic Theories In Psychology, each stage builds in accordance with the preceding stages. Every stage is marked by a psychosocial crisis, which is based on physiological development, but also on the demands placed on the individual by parents or the society and even both.

What are the stages involved in it?

The following are the stages involved in the Epigenetic Theories In Psychology:

�Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
�Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
�Initiative vs. Guilt
�Industry vs. Inferiority
�Identity vs. Role Confusion
�Intimacy vs. Isolation
�Generativity vs. Stagnation
�Ego Integrity vs. Despair

Ego and psychology:

The Epigenetic Theories In Psychology hold certain tenets that differentiate the theory from Freud's. Some of them include:

�The ego is of utmost importance.
�Partly ego is able to operate independently of the id and the superego.
�The ego is a commanding agent that can adapt to situations, thereby promoting
�Mental health and fitness.
�Social and sexual factors both playing an important role in personality development.

The Epigenetic Theories In Psychology are more comprehensive than Freud's, and include information on "normal" personality as well as neurotics. The scope of personality to incorporate society and culture, not just sexuality has been broadened. Criticism of these theories, in addition to the factors discussed so far, have noted that he has not done any statistical research to generate the theories, and it is very hard to test his theories in order to confirm them.

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