A learning disorder can be defined as a difficulty in any academic area (reading, mathematics, or written expression). The ability of the child to achieve in a specific academic area is below what is expected for the age of the child, his/her level of educational and intelligence. The difficulty experienced by the child is severe and it interferes with academic achievement or age-appropriate normal activities of daily living. About 2.9 million US children in public schools are suffer from symptoms of learning disorders and receive some kind of special education support. Learning disorders can also be called as learning disabilities, or specific learning disabilities. Maximum children with learning disorders have normal intelligence. There are three types of learning disorders depending upon the symptoms of learning disorders. These include the following:
�reading disorders (sometimes called dyslexia)
�disorder of written expression
What are the symptoms of learning disorders?
Stated below are the most common symptoms of learning disorders. However, each child can experience different symptoms. It may include:
A reading disorder is present when the child reads below the expected level given his/her age, grade in school and intelligence. Children with reading disorders read slowly and have difficulty in understanding what they read. They can have difficulty with word recognition and confuse words that look similar. A reading disorder is can also be called dyslexia. Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with the symptoms of this learning disorder than girls.
Mathematics disorder is present when the child has problems with skills related to numbers, such as counting, learning multiplication tables, copying numbers correctly, adding and carrying numbers, recognizing mathematical signs and understanding mathematical operations.
�Disorder of written expression
the disorder of written expression is present when the child has difficulty with writing skills, like understanding grammar and punctuation, paragraph organization, spelling or composing written information. Often these children have poor handwriting skills.
Around ten to 30 percent of children have learning disorders. Knowledge and awareness about the symptoms of learning disorders is important. Learning disorders are treatable and coordinated effort between parents, teachers and mental health professionals can provide the basis for individualized treatment strategies. But this is only possible if the parents and teachers recognize the symptoms of learning disorders in the child and take appropriate steps.